BBC’s Greg Palast: Greece Crisis is A “Crime Scene” 1/3
Uploaded by TheAlexJonesChannel on Nov 10, 2011
On the Thursday, November 10 edition of the Alex Jones Show, Alex talks with Greg Palast, the New York Times-bestselling author and a freelance journalist for the British Broadcasting Corporation as well as the British newspaper The Observer. Palast will talk about the Occupy Wall Street movement, the government’s addiction to GPS tracking, and other related issues.
BBC’s Greg Palast: Greece Crisis is A “Crime Scene” 2/3
US Govt confirms link between earthquakes and hydraulic fracking***********************************************************
By: OilPrice.com |
Wed, Nov 9, 2011
“On 5 November an earthquake measuring 5.6 rattled Oklahoma and was felt as
far away as Illinois.
Until two years ago Oklahoma typically had about 50 earthquakes a year, but
in 2010, 1,047 quakes shook the state.
In Lincoln County, where most of this past weekend’s seismic incidents were
centered, there are 181 injection wells, according to Matt Skinner, an official
from the Oklahoma Corporation Commission, the agency which oversees oil and gas
production in the state.
Cause and effect?
The practice of injecting water into deep rock formations causes earthquakes,
both the U.S. Army and the U.S. Geological Survey have concluded.
The U.S. natural gas industry pumps a mixture of water and assorted chemicals
deep underground to shatter sediment layers containing natural gas, a process
called hydraulic fracturing, known more informally as “fracking.” While
environmental groups have primarily focused on fracking’s capacity to pollute
underground water, a more ominous byproduct emerges from U.S. government studies
– that forcing fluids under high pressure deep underground produces increased
regional seismic activity.
As the U.S. natural gas industry mounts an unprecedented and expensive
advertising campaign to convince the public that such practices are
environmentally benign, U.S. government agencies have determined otherwise.
According to the U.S. Army’s Rocky Mountain Arsenal website, the RMA drilled
a deep well for disposing of the site’s liquid waste after the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency “concluded that this procedure is effective and
protective of the environment.” According to the RMA, “The Rocky Mountain
Arsenal deep injection well was constructed in 1961, and was drilled to a depth
of 12,045 feet” and 165 million gallons of Basin F liquid waste, consisting of
“very salty water that includes some metals, chlorides, wastewater and toxic
organics” was injected into the well during 1962-1966.
Why was the process halted? “The Army discontinued use of the well in
February 1966 because of the possibility that the fluid injection was
“triggering earthquakes in the area,” according to the RMA. In 1990, the
“Earthquake Hazard Associated with Deep Well Injection–A Report to the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency” study of RMA events by Craig Nicholson, and
R.I. Wesson stated simply, “Injection had been discontinued at the site in the
previous year once the link between the fluid injection and the earlier series
of earthquakes was established.”
Twenty-five years later, “possibility” and ‘established” changed in the
Environmental Protection Agency’s July 2001 87 page study, “Technical Program
Overview: Underground Injection Control Regulations EPA 816-r-02-025,” which
reported, “In 1967, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the U.S. Geological
Survey (USGS) determined that a deep, hazardous waste disposal well at the Rocky
Mountain Arsenal was causing significant seismic events in the vicinity of
There is a significant divergence between “possibility,” “established” and
“was causing,” and the most recent report was a decade ago. Much hydraulic
fracturing to liberate shale oil gas in the Marcellus shale has occurred
According to the USGS website, under the undated heading, “Can we cause
earthquakes? Is there any way to prevent earthquakes?” the agency notes,
“Earthquakes induced by human activity have been documented in a few locations
in the United States, Japan, and Canada.
The cause was injection of fluids into deep wells for waste disposal and
secondary recovery of oil, and the use of reservoirs for water supplies. Most of
these earthquakes were minor. The largest and most widely known resulted from
fluid injection at the Rocky Mountain Arsenal near Denver, Colorado. In 1967, an
earthquake of magnitude 5.5 followed a series of smaller earthquakes. Injection
had been discontinued at the site in the previous year once the link between the
fluid injection and the earlier series of earthquakes was established.”
Note the phrase, “Once the link between the fluid injection and the earlier
series of earthquakes was established.”
So both the U.S Army and the U.S. Geological Survey over fifty years of
research confirm on a federal level that that “fluid injection” introduces
subterranean instability and is a contributory factor in inducing increased
seismic activity.” How about “causing significant seismic events?”
Fast forward to the present.
Overseas, last month Britain’s Cuadrilla Resources announced that it has
discovered huge underground deposits of natural gas in Lancashire, up to 200
trillion cubic feet of gas in all.
On 2 November a report commissioned by Cuadrilla Resources acknowledged that
hydraulic fracturing was responsible for two tremors which hit Lancashire and
possibly as many as fifty separate earth tremors overall. The British Geological
Survey also linked smaller quakes in the Blackpool area to fracking. BGS Dr.
Brian Baptie said, “It seems quite likely that they are related,” noting, “We
had a couple of instruments close to the site and they show that both events
occurred near the site and at a shallow depth.”
But, back to Oklahoma. Austin Holland’s August 2011 report, “Examination of
Possibly Induced Seismicity from Hydraulic Fracturing in the Eola Field, Garvin
County, Oklahoma” Oklahoma Geological Survey OF1-2011, studied 43 earthquakes
that occurred on 18 January, ranging in intensity from 1.0 to 2.8 Md
(milliDarcies.) While the report’s conclusions are understandably cautious, it
does state, “Our analysis showed that shortly after hydraulic fracturing began
small earthquakes started occurring, and more than 50 were identified, of which
43 were large enough to be located.”
Sensitized to the issue, the oil and natural gas industry has been quick to
dismiss the charges and deluge the public with a plethora of televisions
advertisements about how natural gas from shale deposits is not only America’s
future, but provides jobs and energy companies are responsible custodians of the
It seems likely that Washington will eventually be forced to address the
issue, as the U.S. Army and the USGS have noted a causal link between the forced
injection of liquids underground and increased seismic activity. While the
Oklahoma quake caused a deal of property damage, had lives been lost, the policy
would most certainly have come under increased scrutiny from the legal
While polluting a local community’s water supply is a local tragedy barely
heard inside the Beltway, an earthquake ranging from Oklahoma to Illinois,
Kansas, Arkansas, Tennessee and Texas is an issue that might yet shake voters
out of their torpor, and national elections are slightly less than a year away.”
for your information re CO2 and Ice core records whic seem to have been generally ignored.
“I asked Lexis-Nexis for any mention of “ice core” and the number 800, for that is the average ….. But the biggest problem is that the ice cores give us a 650000- year record that ….that CO2 concentrations have little or nothing to do withmajor planetary ….. In the context of Earth’s history,today we are a carbon-starved planet. … Historical and Investigative Research ” 2 March 2010 [last updated 19 May 2010; correction 17 March 2010 ]by Francisco Gil-White “When scientists measured a rise in Earth’s average temperature of1 degree F over the past 50 years, they… scurried to the record books,both man’s and nature’s — that is, to historical weather archives as well as tree rings and ice cores that preserve records of ancient temperatures — to search for precedents. …The temperature increase since the 1950s”is not like anything seen in the paleoclimate data,’ says atmospheric scientist Joyce Penner of the University of Michigan.” It is false, first of all, that the world has not seen temperatures like this. It has seen them recently in the so-called Medieval Warm Period (warmer than our current temperatures, and we weren’t burning fossil fuels then). Another problem is that, though temperatures began rising around 1979, they had been falling for years prior (the media, including Newsweek”with “THE COOLING WORLD” for headline in 1975[12a]”were fanning a global hysteria over a coming ice age); and yet during the same cooling postwar period human production of CO2 skyrocketed. Another problem is that the temperature increase since 1979 is actually a moderate one according to the satellite data, better than the very biased terrestrial station data which anthropogenic partisans prefer (see Part 1). But the biggest problem is that the ice cores give us a 650,000-year record that shows, every single time, CO2 rising after temperature increases, not the other way around, making it impossible for changes in C!O2 concentrations to have anything to do with the end of glaciations (see Part 1). This suggests that human CO2 production (quite modest compared to natural CO2 production, anyway) probably has absolutely nothing to do with planetary temperatures. Begley says not a word about this. ”
As a pensioned i am using less electricity but paying more? and its all done vide contract in opposition to section 53 of our constitution.
Me Not happy Jan,.. And your self???